A child learns a lot in his sensitive period through his observation. The child has the ability to absorb the knowledge around him and teach himself through the observed knowledge. A little observation by the teachers can improve a child's path towards his learning and development.
Children are skilled observers. In a Montessori Childcare, if you take a step back and observe the children as they work and explore their environment, you will realize that kids learn by observing. They do not need to be taught how to play, walk, talk or do certain tasks.. They simply observe and repeat what they observe.
What is Observation
There are three kinds of observation,
In the direct observation of one self, we do self-observation consciously. We focus on our own thoughts and feelings and how we react in certain scenarios. In the direct observation of a child, we just focus on watching him attentively and observe all his activities with keen interest. Whereas in the indirect observation of the child, we observe him while being engaged with him in different tasks. For example, when we work, play or get engaged in some projects with kids, we observe closely all their actions and reactions. All of these observations are very important and helpful in the Montessori School environment..
Why is Observation necessary?
The children’s psychological characteristics are important to be understood by the teachers in Montessori childcare as it builds a positive relationship among students and teachers. When the children's behavior and characteristics are well observed and understood their needs can be met in a Montessori prepared environment.
This observation is carried out on a daily basis. A daily evaluation of the child's progress is being made. Observation of child's interaction with the teacher and fellow mates in the classroom. This observation is not only confined to the classroom but the teacher observes the child outside the classroom because his reaction within the classroom and outside will vary, and that should also be taken into consideration. The teacher notices the social and psychological development of all her children.
The daily observation includes emotional, physical, academic and social development of the children. The more the teacher or Montessori guide observes the child, the more she is able to determine and meet the needs of the child in order to help him progress in his self-building process.
Normalization is a term that is used for children in Montessori schools who work freely and can concentrate on their work in the Montessori environment. But this in no way means that children who cannot concentrate and work freely are not normal. This phenomenon means that children are in different stages of their development and the journey of their personal growth.
Stages of Normalization
There are three stages of normalization. In the first stage of normalization, the children do something because they want to do it. This type of behavior is depicted by toddlers and children who are at the age of two. In the second stage of normalization, as the children mature, they do the thing they are asked to do. In the third stage of normalization, the child does something because they know about the pros and cons of that particular thing and what the right thing to do is.
In Montessori Childcare, the environment is built in such a way that it leads the kid to move through different stages of normalization gracefully and naturally. Every child has a different time frame of development. They grow according to that particular time period. Children are unique in their learning skills. The same age as a kid can be in different stages of normalization. It can not be forced or coerced. The gentle and loving support of the teachers can help the children grow through these normalization stages. The kid presents the learning challenges incrementally with the help of the materials developed by the Montessori school.
How long does normalization take?
While being a guide or a teacher in a Montessori preschool, the questions often go through the mind why is the kid not listening to you? Why are they not focusing on the task? What is taking them so long to complete the task? When will they be normalized?
In this certain situation, the teacher or the guide needs to be patient because normalization is like a three-period lesson. It occurs gradually according to the learning ability of each kid. The children build their personality and character by following a work cycle that is
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As a highly experienced Montessori educator with a coveted AMI credential from Association Montessori International, I have spent over 22 years helping children discover their full potential through an individualized approach to learning. Along the way, I have mentored and coached countless educators, equipping them with the tools and techniques to foster growth in their own students. In fact, I have trained over 65 teachers to date. Currently serving as a Director, I bring a wealth of knowledge and expertise to every aspect of my work. Whether you are a parent seeking the best educational opportunities for your child or an educator looking to improve your own practice, I am confident that I can help you unlock your full potential.